Vitamins MCQs

Vitamins are the organic compounds that are needed by the body to function properly. Here, we are going to discuss some important Vitamins MCQs that frequently asked in everyday general science questions of competitive exams.

Vitamins Sources and Deficiency Diseases MCQs

Vitamin A

Chemical Name: Retinol


Milk, eggs,  carrots, spinach, fish, butter, cheese and liver

Deficiency Diseases:

Night blindness, Skin dryness, and loss of vision.

Vitamin B1

Chemical Name: Thiamine


Legumes, whole grain foods, nuts, cereals and seeds.

Deficiency Diseases:

Beri-beri, weight loss, memory and heart problems.

Vitamin B2

Chemical Name: Riboflavin


Egg, milk, cheese, nuts, bread products, almonds and mushrooms.

Deficiency Diseases:

Skin disorder, swelling of the mouth and throat and hair loss.

Vitamin B3

Chemical Name: Niacin or Nicotinic


Plant-based foods, Meat, fish, peanuts, whole grain, and tuna.

Deficiency Diseases:

Skin disease, diarrhoea, headache, fatigue, depression and dementia.

Vitamin B5

Chemical Name: Pantothenic Acid


Eggs, liver, dairy products, sunflower seeds, chicken and tuna.

Deficiency Diseases:

Fatigue, muscle cramp, pellagra, poor sleep, headache and lack of appetite.

Vitamin B6

Chemical Name: Pyridoxine Acid


Organ meats, cereals, corn, chickpeas, tuna, salmon and potatoes.

Deficiency Diseases:

Anaemia, kidney stones, nausea, depression, confusion and weakened immune system.

Vitamin B12

Chemical Name: Cyanocobalamin


Meat, fish, milk and yogurts.

Deficiency Diseases:

Pale skin, weight loss, constipation, fatigue and depression.

Vitamin C

Chemical Name: Ascorbic Acid


Citrus fruits, vegetables, strawberries, peppers, tomatoes, potatoes, and papayas.

Deficiency Diseases:

Scurvy, Anaemia, ability to Fight infections diseases.

Vitamin D

Chemical Name: Calciferol


Direct sunlight, fish oils, eggs, dairy products and and vegetables.

Deficiency Diseases:

Rickets and Osteomalacia.

Vitamin E

Chemical Name: Tocopherol


Vegetable oils, olives, tomatoes, almonds, meat, eggs.

Deficiency Diseases:

Neurological problems, reproductive system problems, and a weakened immune system.

Vitamin K

Chemical Name: Phylloquinone or Naphthoquinone


Soybeans, green leafy vegetables, dairy products and meat.

Deficiency Diseases:

Failure to clot blood.

Remember: Vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat-soluble vitamins.

Previously Asked Vitamins MCQs

  1. Vitamin acts as Co-enzyme.
  2. Vitamin ‘E’ is present in Wheat. 
  3. Milk is not a source of Vitamin C. 
  4. Vitamin C protects skin of the human body.
  5. Mothers feed the child with Vitamin A to prevent night blindness.
  6. Deficiency of Vitamin B1 causes Beriberi. 
  7. The vitamin responsible for anti-sterile activity is Vitamin E.
  8. Guava is a rich source of Vitamin C.
  9. Muscular and nervous disorders are due to lack of Vitamin E.
  10. Vitamin A is present in cod-liver oil.
  11. Our skin produces Vitamin D when exposed to Sunlight.
  12. The vitamin which is generally excreted by humans in urine is Vitamin C.
  13. Deficiency of vitamin C in human body causes a disease called Scurvy.
  14. Spinach is a good source of potassium.
  15. Citrus fruit is a source of vitamin C.
  16. Green vegetables provide us Vitamins and minerals.
  17. Poor night vision is because of the lack of Vitamin A.
  18. Severe deficiency of Vitamin D results in rickets.
  19. The chemical name of vitamin C is Ascorbic acid. 
  20. Vitamin k prevents hemorrhaging.
  21. Egg yolks contain vitamins A, D, E and K along with omega-3 fats.
  22. Fat-soluble vitamins will not be lost when the foods that contain them are cooked.
  23. The vitamin capable of formation of blood is Vitamin B.  
  24. Vitamin C is needed for the growth and repair of tissues in all parts of your body.

Leave a comment